What is AHA?
AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) is a collective name given to a group of fruit acids. The common AHAs are glycolic (in sugar cane), lactic (in sour milk), and tartaric (in grapes).
What is Glycolic acid?
Glycolic acid is a naturally occurring substance found in sugar cane. It is also found in the body, in the circulatory system, the lymph system, and is also found in the solutions of the eye. The Glycolic acid that is used in the product we use is a chemical copy of the natural substance.
What does Glycolic acid do?
Glycolic acid smoothes, buffs, refines and deeply moisturises the skin. Glycolic Acid mantle, gently breaks down ionic bonds that hold dead skin cells on the skin surface. It also normalises the way the skin works. It will also help restore the skins natural pH balance (skin natural protection).
What is BHA?
BHA are surface exfoliators. They are a group of chemical preservatives with antioxidant capabilities, and also have the ability to topically exfoliate.
What percentage of Glycolic acid do formulations need to contain and what is the relevance?
Formulations need to contain anywhere between 7% to 18% glycolic compound content in their home skin care products. It has been proven that a product needs to contain more than 7% Glycolic to achieve an effective action of exfoliation. Any lower % has the ability to hydrate and soften the skins surface more than exfoliate.
Why some products Use Glycolic & BHA?
Glycolic acid is the smallest of the AHAs, and the only one that has been proven to be able to penetrate the surface layers of the skin. The other AHAs molecular sizes are too large to penetrate, so they are only able to work on the skin surface. The BHA are more hydrating on the skin as well as surface exfoliators.
From what age can I use the Glycolic products?
Persons of any age can use glycolic products depending on why they are using it. The products treat skin conditions that relate to a build up of dead skin, or an over active skin condition such as aging, congestion, photodamage, sundamage, acne etc…e.g. a 14 year old would not use the formulation for ageing, however she could treat an acne condition or over active sebaceous glands.
What should I see when I start using Glycolic?
There are a few different changes you may see in your skin when you start using a skin product containing glycolic acid. By removing the dead skin cells debris, skin appears, less dry, softer, smoother.
After cosmetic surgery how long do I have to wait before I can begin using the products?
You may begin to use Non-glycolic range straight away. You will need to wait for up to 6 months before commencing with a Glycolic product, depending upon the clients individual rate of healing.
Can you use Glycolic during pregnancy?
There is no evidence that using glycolic skin products during pregnancy will cause any harm at all to the baby. However during pregnancy, especially for the first 3 to 6 months, the client can be more susceptible to reacting to products, so it is wise to be careful when introducing the range. Always ask the client to consult their Doctor before making any final decisions.
Does Glycolic acid thin the skin?
Glycolic acid has the capacity to break down the gluey substance holding the dead skin onto the skin surface, not the skin itself, therefore it can’t make the skin thinner. Glycolic can remove substantial amounts of dead skin build up, and the client may feel a dramatic difference, but it will not remove any more than the dead skin.
Do I need to do anything prior to commencing a Glycolic Peel course?
Before starting a course of skin care peels we recommend it is best to use a skin product containing glycolic for at least one week, to prepare the skin for the high concentration strength of the salon treatment. Results are better and the skin is acclimatised to glycolic.
What are the best products to use on a oily skin and how long before will I see a result?
Acne management skin product range is a specific range for oily skins Although skins can use any of the other products this range has been specifically formulated to remove excess oil and deep cleanse. Skin can become less oily, acne prone, with less open and clogged pores. Changes in the skin will be felt almost immediately.
Who should not use Glycolic products? T
The AHA-BHA range should not be used by clients with abrasions or open sores. Any clients that are or have been on Roaccutane in the last 8 months. Clients that are on Epilepsy medication and those using internal or topical steroids. Hypersensitive skins need to be monitored. However with any medication you should consult with your doctor.
Can a really sensitive skin use Glycolic?
Because glycolic is naturally found in the body, most people can use it. The clients that usually have a problem with it are the very sensitive, and they are not reacting ingredient as much as its acid pH. For this reason sensitive skin product range especially formulated with a higher pH (for less irritation) and the inclusion of soothing and calming ingredients such as chamomile and liquorice extract and vitamin E are beneficial.
Can a client suffering from psoriasis or dermatitis use Glycolic?
Yes they can, with correct diagnose by the therapist, and good home care regime which incorporates products that are hydrating and calming on the skin.
What can happen 3-4 months after starting a new Glycolic course?
A client that has been using glycolic skin products for a few months, with no apparent concerns may find that their skin becomes flaky or dry. Check that the client uses a good moisturiser and sunscreen everyday. Some clients start using too much or another product in conjunction with the existing product and the skin may become over treated and start peel or flake. If the client has underlying congestion. It can take up to 3-5 months to appear on the surface, and she will experience a period of breakout. In both cases clients need to continue their normal recommended usage, as what they are experiencing is temporary.
What about the Sun?
It is controversial as to whether or not glycolic skin products will sensitise the skin to UV light but what we do know is that if you are taking the top layers of dead skin away, you will be exposing new susceptible skin to sun damage. Therefore we do recommend that you use a high SPF sunscreen daily.